The shoulder joint has one of the widest ranges of motion in the body, allowing the arm to lift, turn, and rotate. Shoulder instability can occur when the head of the upper arm bone is forced out of the shoulder socket, causing a dislocation. This usually happens as a result of sudden injury during sports or from a forceful fall. After a shoulder has been dislocated once, the protective tissue becomes damaged making it unstable and more vulnerable to repeat dislocations.

Patients who suffer from shoulder instability may experience the following symptoms:

  • Swelling at the shoulder joint
  • A numbing sensation
  • Weakness in the arm or shoulder
  • Bruising or coloration around the shoulder


Treatment for shoulder instability includes both non-operative and surgical options. For most shoulder dislocations, an emergency room physician can “pop” the bone back into place. However, if an individual has a history of dislocations and their arm frequently moves out of socket, surgery may help. During a shoulder instability procedure, the labrum and surrounding bone is restored and the shoulder is stabilized and repositioned preventing future stability problems and dislocations from occurring.


Shoulder Instability surgery is typically performed under general anesthesia and patients can expect to go home the same day. The arm will be immobilized in a sling for four to six weeks. Some pain, discomfort, and limited mobility should be expected a few weeks after surgery. Most patients can expect to return to competitive sports after recovery.

Participation in physical therapy is important to help strengthen and restore the shoulder’s mobility. Dr. Goldberg’s practice recommends a rehab protocol that encourages patients to perform specific exercises the first day after surgery and start physical therapy within a week of their operation. Implementing a rehab protocol, enables patients to return more quickly to their daily activities.

When experience matters, contact Dr. Goldberg to assess and determine the best treatment options for you. He has performed over 2000 shoulder arthroscopic procedures, making him one of the most experienced surgeons in the Southwest Florida area. Schedule an appointment today!